Peanut Country, U.S.A.

Where are peanuts grown in the United States?

Peanuts are grown commercially in 13 states: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas and Virginia.

However, 6 major peanut producing states grow nearly all of the U. S. peanut crop.

In 2014, Georgia (over 46 percent) grew the largest proportion of all peanuts followed by Florida (nearly 13 percent), Alabama (nearly 11 percent), Texas (nearly nine percent), South Carolina (about eight percent) and North Carolina (about seven percent). Together, Mississippi, Virginia, Oklahoma, Arkansas, New Mexico, Louisiana and Missouri produced six percent of the U.S. peanut crop.

There are about 7,000 peanut farmers in the major peanut producing regions.

Major peanut producing states are grouped into three regions. For 2014, the Southeast region (Georgia-Florida-Alabama-Mississippi) produced 72 percent of all USA-grown peanuts. The Virginia-Carolina region (Virginia-North Carolina-South Carolina) accounted for nearly 17 percent of all USA-grown peanuts. The Southwest region (Texas-Oklahoma-New Mexico-Arkansas) grew about 11 percent. Louisiana and Missouri together produced less than one percent of total USA-grown peanuts.

Where are peanuts grown around the world?

Peanuts are grown in the warm climates of Asia, Africa, Australia, and North and South America. The United States has about three percent of the world acreage of peanuts, but grows nearly 10 percent of the world’s crop because of higher yields per acre. The rest of the world’s peanut production comes mainly from Argentina, Brazil, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Sudan.

World peanut production totals about 29 million metric tons per year. The United States is the world’s third largest producer, after China and India. Worldwide peanut exports are about 1.25 million metric tons.

U.S. Exports

The United States is one of the world’s leading peanut exporters, with average annual exports of between 200,000 and 250,000 metric tons. In 2010 exports totaled more than $244.5 million, surpassing imports by roughly $212.1 million. (FAS)

The largest U.S. export market for U.S. peanuts in 2010 was Canada, which purchased peanuts valued at more than $80 million, followed by Mexico, which purchased peanuts valued at more than $54 million (FAS). The U.S. reputation for high-quality products has facilitated exports to countries in the European Union and others.


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