Offsetting the input cost of breeding plots at peanut belt research stations


North Carolina State University

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North Carolina


North Carolina

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Although we gain information each year on each line tested, the main measurable outcome of the project is the release of new cultivars and/or registered breeding lines. The latter are released because they have one or more desirable traits but are not sufficiently good to be cultivars. Our last two releases were the high-oleic cultivars Sullivan and Wynne in the spring of 2013. Foundation seed of those two releases was grown in 2013, but because there is a lag in availability of seed following release, necessary to allow for multiplication of seed to a commercial scale in the North Carolina seed chain, they will not be widely available until the spring of 2016. The Bailey and Sugg cultivars were released in 2008 and 2009, and the 2012 season was the first in which that seed became widely available to growers. Using the 2013 certified seed production figures as estimates of cultivar use in 2014, North Carolina releases were grown on 80% of peanut acreage in North Carolina and 75% of acreage in the VC area. Approximately 89% of the acreage in-state and 74% region-wide were in Bailey and Sugg. An estimate of the difference in crop value achieved by the new releases, using value-per-acre figures at the loan rate taken from the PVQE program, is $10 million region-wide. Such estimation requires a lot of assumptions, but even if the estimate is inflated twofold, the improvement would still be $5 million in a single year. 

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