Development of Peanut Cultivars with Improved Water Use Efficiency and Resistance to the Peanut Root-Knot Nematode and TSWV

Institution:

University of Georgia

Budget ID:

1228

Project ID:

34

Report BID:

State:

Georgia

Region:

Southeast (GA, FL, AL)

State Group:

SE.G.GA-01

Project Fiscal Year:

2013

Category:

Breeding/Genetics/Biotech

Report Type:

Report Received Date:

Investigator:

Holbrook

Project NPB Budget:

$5,001

Previous progress from this project has resulted in the development of peanut genotypes with relatively high yield and relatively low aflatoxin contamination when grown under drought and heat stress conditions. Continued breeding efforts are needed to improve the yield and grade to develop drought tolerant peanut cultivars. During this year we continued these breeding efforts and conducted numerous field tests containing breeding lines that we are evaluating to access their tolerance to drought, yield, and grade. These lines were planted in replicated studies at our field at the Gibbs Farm that has ten rain out shelters, and in our field at the Bowen Farm that has three rain out shelters. The shelters were then used to impose heat and drought stress for the 40 days immediately prior to harvest. Plots were visually rated for drought stress, and the yield and aflatoxin contamination were measured. Breeding lines that had relatively high yield and relatively low aflatoxin were indentified. 

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