There’s a whole world outside of tried-and-true snack peanuts and the peanut butter and jelly sandwich. Not only are there different types of peanuts for unique applications, but there are also several useful and delicious ingredient options derived from peanuts.
Types of Peanuts
Runner – Uniform in kernel size (which allows for even roasting), the runner peanut is most commonly used in manufactured peanut butter and accounts for 80 percent of the peanuts grown in the United States.
Spanish – Known for its red skins, the Spanish peanut is smaller in size and has the “nuttiest” flavor when roasted.
Valencia – Having three or more kernels per shell, the Valencia has a sweet flavor and is commonly used for all-natural peanut butter.
Virginia – The largest of all peanuts, the Virginia peanut is also known as the “ballpark” peanut and is often used in gourmet snacks.
For additional info on Peanut Types, go here.
Peanut Butter – A “stand-on-its-own” staple or a versatile ingredient, peanut butter is naturally trans-fat-and cholesterol-free. From smooth to crunchy and sweet to savory, there’s a version for everyone’s taste.
- Add to pancake, muffin, brownie or other baked good batters.
- Use as a sauce base for pasta dishes or grilled meats and seafood.
Refined Peanut Oil – This oil has a neutral flavor and is popular in restaurants for frying because of its nutrition profile and high smoke point and its durability.*
- Use when stir-frying, grilling, roasting or deep-frying.
- Make your own freshly ground peanut butter in a blender. Add 1 cup roasted peanuts and 1 1/2 teaspoons refined peanut oil.
Unrefined Roasted Aromatic Peanut Oil – Considered the extra-virgin peanut oil, it has a rich, golden color with a wonderful nutty flavor. This oil is a nutritious choice for finishing a variety of dishes, adding extraordinary flavor.
- Use as a base for salad dressings.
- Drizzle over grilled chicken, fruit or vegetables for enhanced flavors.
- Use in beverages for a nutty aroma and flavor.
Peanut Flour – Roasted, defatted peanut flour provides a lower-fat, nutrient boost to a variety of foods and is a flavorful and aromatic ingredient. Growing in popularity, peanut flour contains over twice the protein of all-purpose flour and is gluten-free, dairy-free and soy-free.
- Substitute for a portion of wheat flour in your favorite baking recipes.
- Use as a coating for chicken or fish instead of breadcrumbs.
- Use to thicken creamy soups and sauces.
*Research has shown that individuals with a severe peanut allergy have not had reactions to refined peanut oil. However, allergenic individuals should avoid oils that have been used to fry allergenic foods. People with peanut allergy also should avoid cold-pressed peanut oil because it can contain allergenic proteins.